This page is part of archived documentation for openHAB 3.3. Go to the current stable version
# Groovy Scripting
This add-on provides support for Groovy (opens new window) 3.0.9 that can be used as a scripting language within automation rules and which eliminates the need to manually install Groovy.
# Creating Groovy Scripts
When this add-on is installed, you can select Groovy as a scripting language when creating a script action within the rule editor of the UI.
Alternatively, you can create scripts in the
automation/jsr223 configuration directory.
If you create an empty file called
test.groovy, you will see a log line with information similar to:
... [INFO ] [.a.m.s.r.i.l.ScriptFileWatcher:150 ] - Loading script 'test.groovy'
To enable debug logging, use the console logging commands to enable debug logging for the automation functionality:
log:set DEBUG org.openhab.core.automation
For more information on the available APIs in scripts see the JSR223 Scripting documentation.
# Script Examples
Groovy scripts provide access to almost all the functionality in an openHAB runtime environment.
As a simple example, the following script logs "Hello, World!".
System.out.println will usually not work since the output has no terminal to display the text.
The openHAB server uses the SLF4J (opens new window) library for logging.
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory LoggerFactory.getLogger("org.openhab.core.automation.examples").info("Hello world!")
Depending on the openHAB logging configuration, you may need to prefix logger names with
org.openhab.core.automation for them to show up in the log file (or you modify the logging configuration).
The script uses the LoggerFactory (opens new window) to obtain a named logger and then logs a message like:
... [INFO ] [.openhab.core.automation.examples:-2 ] - Hello world!